Friday, January 23, 2009

Data Guard Lag Time

We use the Broker to administer our Data Guard configurations and we also use OEM to monitor our databases, we have found that every time we change the state of the Physical Standby between ONLINE and READ-ONLY (and back to ONLINE again) we start getting OEM alarms for reaching our set limits for Lag Time (the time in seconds that the Physical Standby is behind the Primary database).This Lag Time can also be found in v$dataguard_stats (in fact that is where OEM gets it from).

What we have found was that we need to bounce the Physical Standby to force v$dataguard_stats to get updated with the correct values. The good news is that the Physical standby does not really have a lag time, it is just that v$dataguard_stats does not update itself when DG STATES change. The bad news is that OEM shows the faulty lag time, generates an alarm and since our alarms are visible to the whole organization we have to explain that it is not really a problem.

To confirm that the problem is in v$dataguard_stats and is not a real reflection of reality, do the following:

On Standby:

SQL>select TIME_COMPUTED from v$dataguard_stats;

09-JAN-2009 09:45:13
09-JAN-2009 09:45:13
09-JAN-2009 09:45:13
09-JAN-2009 09:45:13
09-JAN-2009 09:45:13

SQL>select current_scn from v$database;


On Primary:

SQL>select scn_to_timestamp(9661857384219) from dual;

12-JAN-09 PM

SQL>select SCN_TO_TIMESTAMP(current_scn) from v$database;

12-JAN-09 PM

So we are only a few seconds behind, but v$dataguard_stats and OEM show otherwise. Bouncing the Physical Standby database fixed this.

Wednesday, January 21, 2009

KeePass and Putty

KeePass and Putty are software programs that work great together, especially in an enterprise where you have a lot of passwords to remember. Autotmatic Login to a Unix server is simply a “Ctrl+U” away.

First you need to setup your Putty Configuration, for example:

Servers are saved as sessions and Auto-login username is specified

In KeepPass you need to configure 1 entry per server. The URL entry is what makes KeePass more than a list of passwords.

If putty is in your $PATH then the command you typed in the URL field above (putty -load -pw XX) will also work from the command line. In the main KeepPass window you simply need to highlight the entry and press “Ctrl-U”.